This summer has been a record breaking year for sunshine and hot weather in the UK, with people across the country fleeing to their nearest beaches (or back gardens!) to soak up the rays whilst they lasted! However, for those who stepped out into the sunshine with little or no protection, you might now be discovering the damaging effects this had on your skin. Whether you’ve only just noticed the effects of your time spent in the sun this summer or if you’ve been a devoted sun worshipper for years, we’re here to explain what causes sun damage, how it can present itself in our skin, what you can do to prevent it in the future, and how with the help of our treatments you can reverse and repair damage.
What causes sun damage?
Sun damage is caused by exposing unprotected skin to the sun for too long. Although some exposure to sunlight is recommended as it is an important source of vitamin D, overexposure to UV rays damages the skin’s cellular DNA and can cause pigmentation, wrinkles, dryness, leathery texture and even cancer. The sun’s heat dries out areas of unprotected skin and depletes the skin’s supply of natural lubricating oils. In addition, the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause burning and long-term changes in the skin’s structure.
How does sun damage present itself?
Sun burn or sun tans: the first sign of sun damage to the skin is the darkening and reddening of the skin, which causes burning or a tan. A sun tan is the result of injury to the epidermis (the top layer of the skin) and develops when UV rays accelerate the production of melanin which is dark pigment in the skin.
Pigmentation: Prolonged exposure to the sun with little to no protection activates and damages the melanocyte cells in the skin. Melanocytes are melanin-producing cells located in the bottom layer of the skin’s epidermis, and therefore through over exposure to the sun, this can cause pigmentation in the form of sun spots, darker patches of skin and inconsistencies in the skin’s overall colour.
Enlarged pores: Over time, sun exposure causes the outermost layer of the skin to thicken. The loss of collagen, elastin and water from the skin causes the underlying layers of the skin to shrink – leading to enlarged pores.
Ageing Skin: It is natural for our skin to age over time and lose its youthful appearance, however over exposure to the sun can further accelerate this process.
What treatments can help sun damage?
Depending on the level of your sun damage or pigmentation, the treatment recommended by your practitioner will vary from a light skin peel, to more advanced laser treatments. Some of the below treatments are amongst our most popular for treating pigmentation concerns:
Chemical skin peels help in improving the appearance of skin by applying solutions to the skin, which cause the outer layer of the skin to gradually peel off. The new skin that emerges underneath is fresher, smoother and will have fewer pigmentation patches. Skin peels are composed of special and natural ingredients that are crucial for the development, rejuvenation and protection of skin. The TCA and Hibiscus Mandelic skin peel treatments effectively heal the skin from sun damage in a completely non-invasive manner. Additionally, skin peels enhance the skin’s glow and give it a youthful appearance.
Using Intense Pulse light therapy, this proven technique is excellent at targeting pigment deep within the skin. The light effectively breaks down the darker patches causing pigmentation, encouraging them to shatter and disperse, revealing a more even skin tone.
EDS/Dermaroller uses a specialised device with multiple micro-fine needles which are used to deeply exfoliate the skins surface. The size of the needles can be adjusted accordingly to the skin type and concern of the client. This skin treatment gives best results on skin with mild to moderate sun damage.
Prices for sun damage treatments
|Course of 3 treatments|
|CUSTOMISED FACIALS |
A thorough cleanse of your skin using cosmeceutical grade products specifically tailored to treat your concerns.
A quick non-invasive exfoliating treatment that removes dead skin cells to work on sun damaged skin and remove unwanted facial blemishes.
|SKIN RE-SURFACERS & CHEMICAL SKIN PEELS|
Popular with celebrities, skin resurfacers & chemical skin peels, offer a far more effective solution to tackling pigmentation. Using active ingredients such as mandelic and azelaic acids help to bring pigmentation to the surface and supress further pigment from appearing, leaving you with a clearer, more even skin tone.
|INTENSE PULSE LIGHT (IPL TREATMENTS)|
Using Intense Pulse light therapy, this proven technique is excellent at targeting pigment deep within the skin. The light effectively breaks down the darker patches causing pigmentation, encouraging them to shatter and disperse, revealing an even skin tone.
|MICRO-NEEDLING (Genuine Dermaroller and Electronic Dermastamp)|
A highly effective treatment using a small handheld device that triggers increased cell turnover helping to force the pigmentation damage to the surface of the skin, leaving a clearer more even skin tone.
|LASER TREATMENTS |
Laser therapy is ideal for targeting stubborn pigmentation, presenting in the deeper layers of the skin. The laser works to shatter the pigmentation, bringing it to the surface and expelling it from the skin, revealing an even skin tone.
What can I do to prevent sun damage?
The very simple answer to this one is to invest in a high quality broad spectrum UVA/UVB SPF! SPF lotions and sun creams help to protect your skin during sunny weather by increasing the amount of time that you can stay in the sun, without getting burnt. For example, a factor 30 SPF extends the amount of time that you can stay in the sun by 30 times.
We recommend that you choose your level of SPF accordingly to your skin’s tolerance to the sun; if you have fair skin or are prone to burning, and if you have a history of skin cancer in your family, opt for something higher! Whilst all SPFs contain protection from UVB (ultraviolet B) rays it’s also particularly important to make sure your SPF has a high UVA (ultraviolet A) star rating. This indicates that the UVA protection is at least one third of the SPF value, and the higher the star rating, the better!
We have a range of both face and body SPFs that you can view and shop here.
If you have any further queries or concerns about sun damage or pigmentation that you have, please fill in the form below to arrange a free consultation with one of our expert practitioners who will be able to give your skin a thorough assessment and advise on the best way to treat your concerns.
treat any clients under
the age of 18.