How to Get Rid of Dry Skin for Good
Dry skin affects everybody and sometimes no amount of moisturiser can relieve those irritating patches of dry, flaky skin. Here’s everything you need to know about how to keep it away – for good this time!
Dry skin symptoms
Dry skin can usually be seen through the following symptoms:
- Skin that looks, and feels, visibly dry, rough and flaky
- Tight skin, especially after submerged in water
- Redness and inflammation
- Dry, scaly patches of the skin (atopic dermatitis / eczema)
In serious cases of dry skin, the skin can become cracked, blistered and bleed. This is known as dermatitis. Speak to your doctor about severe dryness as they can prescribe a topical ointment or cream.
What causes dry skin?
The causes of dry skin usually are:
- Low humidity
Water vapour in the air is called humidity and dry skin occurs when there are lower levels of moisture present.
Low humidity is most common in the colder months, which may be why your spells of dry skin come around in cycles, or at certain times of the year.
It can trigger moisture from the epidermis to leave your skin, causing it to dry out and develop into flaky, itchy skin and even crack – in worse cases.
- Family history of eczema or similar skin conditions
Genetics is usually the main influence of skin structure. Therefore, if you know family members that have suffered from dermatitis or eczema, this may be an indicator of your own proneness to episodes of dry skin.
When genetics comes into it, there is a difference between dry skin and dehydrated skin. Dry skin is a skin type, like oily or acne prone skin, and is often caused by lack of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands that are responsible for keeping the skin lubricated. This is usually a genetic trait.
- Harsh soaps and skin care products
Using harsh cosmetics, like soaps, body wash and skincare products, literally strip the skin of essential oils and nutrients, which depletes water levels and produces a drying aftereffect.
- Washing with hot water and washing for too long
Hot water has a similar depleting effect to harsh cosmetics and also removes the skin’s natural oils. The amount of time you spend in the bath or shower may also contribute to drier skin as this process of ridding the skin of oils is extended.
- Type 2 diabetes
The high blood sugar levels found in a diabetic can cause poor circulation. The circulatory system is important in maintaining strong skin health so when poor circulation develops, this causes the blood vessels and veins that transport nutrients, oxygen and blood around the body to work less efficiently.
This inadequate supply of blood, nutrients and fluid can diminish the normal functioning of the epidermis, where keeping the skin sufficiently hydrated becomes harder and harder.
How to prevent dry skin
Knowing the ways of preventing dry skin is your best bet for keeping it away for longer and usually simple, vigilant changes to your moisturising routine can make the world of difference.
To prevent dry skin, here are some tips:
- For mild to moderate dry skin, use sensitive medical grade emollients, like Zerobase or Cetraben, or good quality moisturisers like Avène and Vitage
- When looking for a hydrating moisturiser look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerine, aloe and honey to retain water in the skin
- Oclussives are also very important in creating a barrier on the skin to fight against water loss and trap hydration. Petroleum jelly, jojoba oil and cocoa butter are some oclussives which can also help to alleviate dry, itchy and cracked skin too
- Wash in lukewarm water and avoid showering everyday if you have really dry skin
- When drying your skin, be gentle and blot the skin rather than rub. Rubbing is a form of aggressive exfoliation and can remove surface oil and moisture
- Moisturise immediately after washing to rehydrate and trap water in the skin
- Drink plenty of water – hydrating your body regularly is good for you and your skin too
- Avoid fragranced skincare products
- Avoid applying products that contain alcohol, retinoids and alpha-hydroxy acids to dry skin as this can aggravate it
- In colder months, invest in a humidifier to maintain adequate air moisture levels
- Use a sensitive washing detergent
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables as they have high water contents and boost bodily hydration
How to get rid of dry skin for good
The best way to get rid of dry skin for good would be to follow the tips above and regularly treat your skin to a hydration-surging facial. Professional treatments will help encourage better skin health, restore hydration and promote a smoother complexion.
Some facials available are:
A non-invasive face mask that is named as such because of its exfoliating properties. Skin peels are formulated with a combination of natural fruit acids and extracts to remove dead skin cells that often inhibit your skin’s usual smoothness.
As dry skin is a build-up of skin cells that have not shredded, skin peels work on the outer layer of skin to remove any excess debris and skin cells to leave your skin softer and rejuvenated after the first session.
Another non-invasive, professional-level facial that uses six steps to intensely hydrate the skin. Each step works to leave your skin in its most softest, hydrated condition and floods the skin with long lasting ingredients to prevent future dryness.
The best facial for dry skin would be HydraFacial. HydraFacial for dry skin works especially well to combat chronic dryness or can be used as a regular maintenance treatment to encourage long term softness.
Some benefits of HydraFacial are:
- No discomfort or down time
- Immediate and visible results
- Use of active botanical ingredients, hyaluronic acid, peptides and antioxidants to penetrate the deepest layers of skin and restore lost moisture
- Promotes stronger functioning of the skin’s barrier and sebaceous glands
- Improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles too
Read more here about the impact of HydraFacial.
Key things to remember
- Dry skin can be worsened by weather and humidity
- Genetics play a role in your likelihood of having dry skin
- Dry skin is a skin type and dehydrated skin a skin condition
- Small changes in your lifestyle can improve the appearance of dry skin
- Regular professional facials radically minimise dry skin and are the best way to get rid of it for good