Everything you need to know about Acne Treatments
Here at DestinationSkin we want to help you feel confident in the skin you’re in. We know acne can have a huge impact on your physical and mental wellbeing, so we offer a range of tailored treatments to help combat your concerns along with our trusted experts who will help you on your journey to a happy, healthy complexion. Carry on reading to find out all you need to know about acne and the acne treatments we offer.
What is acne and what are the types?
Acne is an inflammatory condition of the skin involving the sebaceous glands. Acne commonly presents during adolescence when circulating levels of androgens (a type of hormone) cause an increase in the amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands. This increase in sebum can cause hair follicle blockage, leading to inflammation and overgrowth of the normal bacteria that colonise the skin. This process is responsible for the characteristic skin lesions presenting on the face, back, trunk and upper arms.
There are a variety of ways that acne can appear on the skin, ranging from small clogged pores (whiteheads or blackheads), to red, swollen cystic nodules.
- Comedones (or white/blackheads) – sebum and dead skin cells block the follicle. If the comedone is closed (covered by a thin sheet of skin cells), a whitehead is formed. If the comedone is open, a blackhead is formed.
- Papules or pustules – as the hair follicle continues to remain blocked, the sebaceous gland continues to produce sebum which causes pressure to build up and inflammation to worsen. This causes the characteristic redness and swelling associated with a spot.
- Cysts – As pustules become larger and inflammation worsens, the lesions can coalesce to form cysts.
How to get rid of acne
Traditionally, acne treatment has centred around topical creams and lotions and systemic antibiotic therapy. Whilst these treatments provide solutions for many, recent technological advancements and improved understanding of acne have paved the way for more effective treatment methods with fewer side effects.
Chemical peel treatments can be used as a skin resurfacing method by exfoliating the epidermis and leaving a refreshed and renewed appearance. Chemical peels work by breaking down keratin that is blocking the follicle, decreasing sebum production and reducing inflammation.
Our range of chemical peels at DestinationSkin include several options that are suitable for acne-prone skin that are designed to help improve the appearance of spots as well as acne scars. Read more about chemical peels at DestinationSkin here.
Microdermabrasion and microneedling
Microneedling involves the use of tiny sterile needles to create micropunctures in the skin to stimulate the wound healing process in the dermis without causing significant damage to the epidermis. The wound healing process causes an increase in the amount of growth factors in the skin. These growth factors act to increase the production of collagen and elastin in the dermis.
Similarly, microdermabrasion removes the outermost layer of the epidermis, upregulates the wound healing process and increases collagen density in the dermis.
Both treatment methods are effective methods of treating acne scarring and microdermabrasion can also provide a deep exfoliation through the use of microcrystals. Click here to read more about both treatments.
How long does acne last?
Although acne is common during adolescence, the condition can often continue into the thirties and beyond. Acne can persist in individuals who are affected by other medical conditions including polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Can you get acne during adulthood?
In short, yes. Adult acne is a relatively common condition affecting around 20% of men and 8% of women. There can be hormonal imbalances associated with adult acne and some of those affected may have a genetic predisposition. Many of those with adult acne have a history of the condition since adolescence that may have either persisted or relapsed later on in life.
What are acne scars and how to get rid of them?
In acne, the inflammation associated with the papules, pustules and cysts leads to altered wound healing. During this process, collagen is produced and degraded, the dermal structure is altered, and scar tissue is formed.
Depending on the type and severity of acne scarring, treatment options range from microneedling and microdermabrasion to chemical peel and laser-based treatment options.
A consultation with an expert dermatological professional at DestinationSkin will enable you to create the ideal treatment plan to address your acne or acne scarring.
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